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Distance-based classification with Lipschitz functions

2003

Conference Paper

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The goal of this article is to develop a framework for large margin classification in metric spaces. We want to find a generalization of linear decision functions for metric spaces and define a corresponding notion of margin such that the decision function separates the training points with a large margin. It will turn out that using Lipschitz functions as decision functions, the inverse of the Lipschitz constant can be interpreted as the size of a margin. In order to construct a clean mathematical setup we isometrically embed the given metric space into a Banach space and the space of Lipschitz functions into its dual space. Our approach leads to a general large margin algorithm for classification in metric spaces. To analyze this algorithm, we first prove a representer theorem. It states that there exists a solution which can be expressed as linear combination of distances to sets of training points. Then we analyze the Rademacher complexity of some Lipschitz function classes. The generality of the Lipschitz approach can be seen from the fact that several well-known algorithms are special cases of the Lipschitz algorithm, among them the support vector machine, the linear programming machine, and the 1-nearest neighbor classifier.

Author(s): von Luxburg, U. and Bousquet, O.
Journal: Learning Theory and Kernel Machines, Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference on Computational Learning Theory
Pages: 314-328
Year: 2003
Day: 0
Editors: Sch{\"o}lkopf, B. and M.K. Warmuth

Department(s): Empirical Inference
Bibtex Type: Conference Paper (inproceedings)

Event Name: Learning Theory and Kernel Machines, Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference on Computational Learning Theory

Digital: 0
Organization: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
School: Biologische Kybernetik

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BibTex

@inproceedings{2261,
  title = {Distance-based classification with Lipschitz functions},
  author = {von Luxburg, U. and Bousquet, O.},
  journal = {Learning Theory and Kernel Machines, Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference on Computational Learning Theory},
  pages = {314-328},
  editors = {Sch{\"o}lkopf, B. and M.K. Warmuth},
  organization = {Max-Planck-Gesellschaft},
  school = {Biologische Kybernetik},
  year = {2003}
}