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Christopher Burger
Position: PhD Student
Room no.: 203
Phone: +49 7071 601 535
Fax: +49 7071 601 552

I'm working on image denoising, which is the problem of finding a clean image, given a noisy one. Noise in images arises for a number of reasons, including imperfect digital image sensors. The problem is of growing importance due to an explosion in the number of digital images recorded every day and the fact that all digital images contain some amount of noise. My personal web-page is kept more up-to-date.

 

My research can be divided into three main categories:

  • Astronomical image denoising with a pixel-specific noise model.
    For digital photographsof astronomical objects, where exposure times are long, the dark-current noise is a signi cantsource of noise. Usually, denoising methods assume additive white Gaussian noise, with equal variance for each pixel. However, dark-current noise has diff erent properties for every pixel. We use a pixel-speci c noise model to handle dark-current noise, as well as an image prior adapted to astronomical images. Our method is shown to perform well in a laboratory environment, and produces visually appealing results in a real-world setting.

 

  • A multi-scale meta-procedure for improving existing denoising algorithms.
    Most denoising algorithms focus on recovering high frequencies. However, for high noise levels it is also important to recover low frequencies. We present a multi-scale meta-procedure that applies existing denoising algorithms across di fferent scales and combines the resulting images into a single denoised image. We show that our method can improve the results achieved by many denoising algorithms.

 

  • State-of-the-art image denoising with multi-layer perceptrons.
    Many of the best-performing denoising methods rely on a cleverly engineered algorithm. In contrast, we take a learning approach to denoising and train a multi-layer perceptron to denoise image patches. Using this approach, we outperform the previous state-of-the-art. Our approach also achieves results that are superior to one type of theoretical bound and goes a large way toward closing the gap with a second type of theoretical bound. Furthermore, we achieve outstanding results on other types of noise, including JPEG-artifacts and Poisson noise. Also, we show that multilayer perceptrons can be used to combine the results of several denoising algorithms. This approach often yields better results than the best method in the combination. We discuss in detail which trade-off s have to be considered during the training procedure. We are also able to make observations regarding the functioning principle of multi-layer perceptrons for image denoising.

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2004
Articles
  • Weber, B. and Burger, C. and Wyss, M. and von Schulthess, GK. and Scheffold, F. and Buck, A. (2004). Optical Imaging of the Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Cerebral Blood Flow and Oxidative Metabolism in the Rat Barrel Cortex European Journal of Neuroscience, 20, (10), 2664-2670
  • Weber, B. and Westera, G. and Treyer, V. and Burger, C. and Kahn, N. and Buck, A. (2004). Constant infusion H215O PET and acetazolamide challenge in the assessment of the cerebral perfusion status Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 1344-1349
2003
Articles
  • Weber, B. and Spaeth, N. and Wyss, MT. and Wild, D. and Burger, C. and Stanley, R. and Buck, A. (2003). Quantitative Cerebral Blood Flow Measurements in the Rat Using a Beta-Probe and H215O Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 23, (12), 1455-1460
2002
Articles
  • Weber, B. and Fouad, K. and Burger, C. and Buck, A. (2002). White matter glucose metabolism during intracortical electrostimulation: a quantitative [(18)F]Fluorodeoxyglucose autoradiography study in the rat Neuroimage, 16, 993-998
  • Weber, B. and Burger, C. and Biro, P. and Buck, A. (2002). A femoral arteriovenous shunt facilitates arterial whole blood sampling in animals Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging, 29, 319-323
1998
Articles
  • Bicik, I. and Radanov, BP. and Schaefer, N. and Dvorak, J. and Blum, B. and Weber, B. and Burger, C. and von Schulthess, GK. and Buck, A. (1998). PET with 18fluorodeoxyglucose and hexamethylpropylene amine oxime SPECT in late whiplash syndrome Neurology, 51, 345-350
  • Buck, A. and Schirlo, C. and Jasinsky, V. and Weber, B. and Burger, C. and von Schulthess, GK. and Koller, EA. and Pavlicek, V. (1998). Changes of cerebral blood flow during short-term exposure to normobaric hypoxia J Cereb Blood Flow Metab, 18, 906-910