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Feature selection and transduction for prediction of molecular bioactivity for drug design

2003

Article

ei


Motivation: In drug discovery a key task is to identify characteristics that separate active (binding) compounds from inactive (non-binding) ones. An automated prediction system can help reduce resources necessary to carry out this task. Results: Two methods for prediction of molecular bioactivity for drug design are introduced and shown to perform well in a data set previously studied as part of the KDD (Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining) Cup 2001. The data is characterized by very few positive examples, a very large number of features (describing three-dimensional properties of the molecules) and rather different distributions between training and test data. Two techniques are introduced specifically to tackle these problems: a feature selection method for unbalanced data and a classifier which adapts to the distribution of the the unlabeled test data (a so-called transductive method). We show both techniques improve identification performance and in conjunction provide an improvement over using only one of the techniques. Our results suggest the importance of taking into account the characteristics in this data which may also be relevant in other problems of a similar type.

Author(s): Weston, J. and Perez-Cruz, F. and Bousquet, O. and Chapelle, O. and Elisseeff, A. and Schölkopf, B.
Journal: Bioinformatics
Volume: 19
Number (issue): 6
Pages: 764-771
Year: 2003
Month: April
Day: 0

Department(s): Empirical Inference
Bibtex Type: Article (article)

Digital: 0
Language: en
Organization: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
School: Biologische Kybernetik

Links: Web

BibTex

@article{2823,
  title = {Feature selection and transduction for prediction of molecular bioactivity for drug design},
  author = {Weston, J. and Perez-Cruz, F. and Bousquet, O. and Chapelle, O. and Elisseeff, A. and Sch{\"o}lkopf, B.},
  journal = {Bioinformatics},
  volume = {19},
  number = {6},
  pages = {764-771},
  organization = {Max-Planck-Gesellschaft},
  school = {Biologische Kybernetik},
  month = apr,
  year = {2003},
  month_numeric = {4}
}