Director

Office: N4.019

Max-Planck-Ring 4

72076 Tübingen

Germany

Max-Planck-Ring 4

72076 Tübingen

Germany

+49 7071 601 551

+49 7071 601 552

My scientific interests are in the field of machine learning and inference from empirical data. In particular, I study kernel methods for extracting regularities from possibly high-dimensional data. These regularities are usually statistical ones, however, in recent years I have also become interested in methods for finding causal structures that underly statistical dependences. I have worked on a number of different applications of machine learning - in our field, you get "to play in everyone's backyard." Most recently, I have been trying to play in the backyard of astronomers and photographers.

I am heading the Department of Empirical Inference; take a look at our last formal **Research Overview** and **Alumni List**.

Many of my papers can downloaded if you click on the tab "publications;" alternatively, from arxiv or from http://www.kernel-machines.org/. Some additional links:

- We have written a book about causality that was just published as an open access title at MIT Press (PDF, with Jonas Peters and Dominik Janzing).
- Photographs: view of the Alps from the southern black forest, a rainbow in La Palma, a lunar eclipse in 2007, the Andromeda galaxy, the Milky Way on the Roque de los Muchachos, the North America Nebula, the constellation Orion with Barnard's loop, and finally a picture of a beautiful northern light, which I took a few years ago from the plane, on the way home from a conference in Vancouver. I always try to get a window seat when flying home from the North American west coast - it is surprizingly common to see northern lights. Looking at the night sky is a fascinating and humbling experience.
- Some chapters of our book Learning with Kernels.
- Review paper on kernel methods in the Annals of Statistics.
- Short high-level introduction on statistical learnig theory (in German) that appeared in the 2004 Jahrbuch of the Max Planck Society.
- Obituary for Alexej Chervonenkis (NIPS 2014).
- I am a member of the LIGO scientific collaboration to detect gravitational waves
- With the growing interest in (how to make money with) big data, machine learning has significantly gained in popularity. We have published an article in the German newspaper
*FAZ*, discussing some of the implications.*Disclaimer: the text that appears above our names was neither written nor approved by us.* - A children's book
- open letter against autonomous AI weapons

Machine Learning Causal Inference Artificial Intelligence Computational Photography Statistics

- M.Sc. in mathematics and Lionel Cooper Memorial Prize, University of London (1992)
- Diplom in physics (Tübingen, 1994)
- doctorate in computer science from the Technical University Berlin (1997); thesis on Support Vector Learning (main advisor: V. Vapnik, AT&T Bell Labs) won the annual dissertation prize of the German Association for Computer Science (GI)
- scientific member of the Max Planck Society, 2001
- awards won by his lab
- J. K. Aggarwal Prize of the International Association for Pattern Recognition, 2006
- Max Planck Research Award, 2011
- Academy Prize of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 2012
- Royal Society Milner Award, 2014
- Member of the German National Academy of Science (Leopoldina)
- Fellow of the ACM (Association for Computing Machinery)
- Gottfried-Wilhelm-Leibniz-Preis of the German Science Foundation (2018)
- Honorarprofessor at the Technical University Berlin (computer science) and at the Eberhard-Karls University Tübingen (physics)
- list of publications as of January 2015
- "ISI highly cited" (added in 2010)
- the h Index for Computer Science
- Google Scholar page
- co-editor-in-chief of JMLR
- member of the boards of the NIPS foundation and of the International Machine Learning Society
- PC member (e.g., NIPS, COLT, ICML, UAI, DAGM, CVPR, Snowbird Learning Workshop) and co-chair of various conferences (COLT'03, DAGM'04, NIPS'05, NIPS'06 and the first two kernel workshops).
- co-founder of the Machine Learning Summer Schools
- two-page CV: PDF.

If you'd like to **contact** me, please consider these two notes:

*1. I recently became co-editor-in-chief of JMLR. I work for JMLR because I believe in its open access model, but it takes a lot of time. During my JMLR term, please don't convince me to do other journal or grant reviewing duties.*

*2. I am not very organized with my e-mail so if you want to apply for a position in my lab, please send your application only to Sekretariat-Schoelkopf@tuebingen.mpg.de. Note that we do not respond to non-personalized applications that look like they are being sent to a large number of places simultaneously.*

We are always happy to receive outstanding applications for **PhD positions **and **postdocs**.

645 results
(BibTeX)

**SVMs — a practical consequence of learning theory**
*IEEE Intelligent Systems and their Applications*, 13(4):18-21, July 1998 (article)

**Fast approximation of support vector kernel expansions, and an interpretation of clustering as approximation in feature spaces.**
In *Mustererkennung 1998*, pages: 125-132, Informatik aktuell, (Editors: P Levi and M Schanz and R-J Ahlers and F May), Springer, Berlin, Germany, 20th DAGM-Symposium, 1998 (inproceedings)

**Generalization bounds and learning rates for Regularized principal manifolds**
NeuroCOLT, 1998, NeuroColt2-TR 1998-027 (techreport)

**On a Kernel-Based Method for Pattern Recognition, Regression, Approximation, and Operator Inversion **
*Algorithmica*, 22(1-2):211-231, September 1998 (article)

**The connection between regularization operators and support vector kernels.**
*Neural Networks*, 11(4):637-649, June 1998 (article)

**Kernel PCA pattern reconstruction via approximate pre-images.**
In *8th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks*, pages: 147-152, Perspectives in Neural Computing, (Editors: L Niklasson and M Boden and T Ziemke), Springer, Berlin, Germany, 8th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, 1998 (inproceedings)

**Generalization Bounds for Convex Combinations of Kernel Functions**
Royal Holloway College, 1998 (techreport)

**Generalization Performance of Regularization Networks and Support Vector Machines via Entropy
Numbers of Compact Operators**
(19), NeuroCOLT, 1998, Accepted for publication in IEEE Transactions on Information Theory (techreport)

**Prior knowledge in support vector kernels**
In *Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 10*, pages: 640-646 , (Editors: M Jordan and M Kearns and S Solla ), MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, Eleventh Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing (NIPS), June 1998 (inproceedings)

**Quantization Functionals and Regularized PrincipalManifolds**
NeuroCOLT, 1998, NC2-TR-1998-028 (techreport)

**Navigation mit Schnappschüssen**
In *Mustererkennung 1998*, pages: 421-428, (Editors: P Levi and R-J Ahlers and F May and M Schanz), Springer, Berlin, Germany, 20th DAGM-Symposium, October 1998 (inproceedings)

**From regularization operators to support vector kernels**
In *Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 10*, pages: 343-349, (Editors: M Jordan and M Kearns and S Solla), MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, 11th Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing (NIPS), June 1998 (inproceedings)

**Where did I take that snapshot? Scene-based homing by image matching**
*Biological Cybernetics*, 79(3):191-202, October 1998 (article)

**Support vector machines **
*IEEE Intelligent Systems and their Applications*, 13(4):18-28, July 1998 (article)

**Support Vector methods in learning and feature extraction**
*Ninth Australian Conference on Neural Networks*, pages: 72-78, (Editors: T. Downs, M. Frean and M. Gallagher), 1998 (talk)

**Convex Cost Functions for Support Vector Regression**
In *8th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks*, pages: 99-104, Perspectives in Neural Computing, (Editors: L Niklasson and M Boden and T Ziemke), Springer, Berlin, Germany, 8th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, 1998 (inproceedings)

**Support-Vektor-Lernen**
In *Ausgezeichnete Informatikdissertationen 1997*, pages: 135-150, (Editors: G Hotz and H Fiedler and P Gorny and W Grass and S Hölldobler and IO Kerner and R Reischuk), Teubner Verlag, Stuttgart, 1998 (inbook)

Schölkopf, B.
**The moon tilt illusion**
*Perception*, 27(10):1229-1232, August 1998 (article)

**Support vector regression with automatic accuracy control.**
In *ICANN'98*, pages: 111-116, Perspectives in Neural Computing, (Editors: L Niklasson and M Boden and T Ziemke), Springer, Berlin, Germany, International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks (ICANN'98), 1998 (inproceedings)

**General cost functions for support vector regression.**
In *Ninth Australian Conference on Neural Networks*, pages: 79-83, (Editors: T Downs and M Frean and M Gallagher), 9th Australian Conference on Neural Networks (ACNN'98), 1998 (inproceedings)

**Asymptotically optimal choice of varepsilon-loss for support vector machines.**
In *8th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks*, pages: 105-110, Perspectives in Neural Computing, (Editors: L Niklasson and M Boden and T Ziemke), Springer, Berlin, Germany, 8th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, 1998 (inproceedings)

**Support Vector Machine Reference Manual**
(CSD-TR-98-03), Department of Computer Science, Royal Holloway, University of London, 1998 (techreport)

**Übersicht durch Übersehen**
*Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , Wissenschaftsbeilage*, March 1998 (misc)

**Comparing support vector machines with Gaussian kernels to radial basis function classifiers **
*IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing*, 45(11):2758-2765, November 1997 (article)

**The view-graph approach to visual navigation and spatial memory**
In *Artificial Neural Networks: ICANN ’97*, pages: 751-756, (Editors: W Gerstner and A Germond and M Hasler and J-D Nicoud), Springer, Berlin, Germany, 7th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, October 1997 (inproceedings)

**Predicting time series with support vector machines **
In *Artificial Neural Networks: ICANN’97*, pages: 999-1004, (Editors: Schölkopf, B. , C.J.C. Burges, A.J. Smola), Springer, Berlin, Germany, 7th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks , October 1997 (inproceedings)

**Das Spiel mit dem künstlichen Leben.**
*Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Wissenschaftsbeilage*, June 1997 (misc)

**Predicting time series with support vectur machines**
In *Artificial neural networks: ICANN ’97*, pages: 999-1004, (Editors: W Gerstner and A Germond and M Hasler and J-D Nicoud), Springer, Berlin, Germany, 7th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks , October 1997 (inproceedings)

**Homing by parameterized scene matching**
(46), Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen, Germany, Febuary 1997 (techreport)

**Improving the accuracy and speed of support vector learning machines**
In *Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 9*, pages: 375-381, (Editors: M Mozer and MJ Jordan and T Petsche), MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, Tenth Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS), May 1997 (inproceedings)

**Kernel principal component analysis**
In *Artificial neural networks: ICANN ’97, LNCS, vol. 1327*, pages: 583-588, (Editors: W Gerstner and A Germond and M Hasler and J-D Nicoud), Springer, Berlin, Germany, 7th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, October 1997 (inproceedings)

**Homing by parameterized scene matching**
In *Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Artificial Life, (Eds.) P. Husbands, I. Harvey. MIT Press, Cambridge 1997*, pages: 236-245, (Editors: P Husbands and I Harvey), MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, 4th European Conference on Artificial Life (ECAL97), July 1997 (inproceedings)

**Support vector learning**
pages: 173, Oldenbourg, München, Germany, 1997, Zugl.: Berlin, Techn. Univ., Diss., 1997 (book)

**Learning view graphs for robot navigation**
In *Proceedings of the 1st Intl. Conf. on Autonomous Agents*, pages: 138-147, (Editors: Johnson, W.L.), ACM Press, New York, NY, USA, First International Conference on Autonomous Agents (AGENTS '97), Febuary 1997 (inproceedings)

**Künstliches Lernen**
In *Komplexe adaptive Systeme, Forum für Interdisziplinäre Forschung*, 15, pages: 93-117, Forum für interdisziplinäre Forschung, (Editors: S Bornholdt and PH Feindt), Röll, Dettelbach, 1996 (inbook)

**Comparison of view-based object recognition algorithms using realistic 3D models**
In *Artificial Neural Networks: ICANN 96, LNCS, vol. 1112*, pages: 251-256, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, (Editors: C von der Malsburg and W von Seelen and JC Vorbrüggen and B Sendhoff), Springer, Berlin, Germany, 6th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, July 1996 (inproceedings)

**Learning View Graphs for Robot Navigation**
(33), Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen,, July 1996 (techreport)

**Aktives Erwerben eines Ansichtsgraphen zur diskreten Repräsentation offener Umwelten.**
*Fortschritte der K{\"u}nstlichen Intelligenz*, pages: 138-147, (Editors: M. Thielscher and S.-E. Bornscheuer), 1996 (poster)

**Nonlinear Component Analysis as a Kernel Eigenvalue Problem**
(44), Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics Tübingen, December 1996, This technical report has also been published elsewhere (techreport)

**Incorporating invariances in support vector learning machines**
In *Artificial Neural Networks: ICANN 96, LNCS vol. 1112*, pages: 47-52, (Editors: C von der Malsburg and W von Seelen and JC Vorbrüggen and B Sendhoff), Springer, Berlin, Germany, 6th International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, July 1996, volume 1112 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science
(inproceedings)

**View-based cognitive map learning by an autonomous robot**
In *Proceedings International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, vol. 2*, pages: 381-386, (Editors: Fogelman-Soulié, F.), EC2, Paris, France, Conférence Internationale sur les Réseaux de Neurones Artificiels (ICANN '95), October 1995 (inproceedings)

**A New Method for Constructing Artificial Neural Networks**
AT & T Bell Laboratories, 1995 (techreport)

**Extracting support data for a given task**
In *First International Conference on Knowledge Discovery & Data Mining (KDD-95)*, pages: 252-257, (Editors: UM Fayyad and R Uthurusamy), AAAI Press, Menlo Park, CA, USA, August 1995 (inproceedings)

**View-Based Cognitive Mapping and Path Planning**
*Adaptive Behavior*, 3(3):311-348, January 1995 (article)

**View-based cognitive mapping and path planning**
(7), Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics Tübingen, November 1994, This technical report has also been published elsewhere (techreport)