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Efficient Adaptive Sampling of the Psychometric Function by Maximizing Information Gain

2005

Poster

ei


A psychometric function can be described by its shape and four parameters: position or threshold, slope or width, false alarm rate or chance level, and miss or lapse rate. Depending on the parameters of interest some points on the psychometric function may be more informative than others. Adaptive methods attempt to place trials on the most informative points based on the data collected in previous trials. We introduce a new adaptive bayesian psychometric method which collects data for any set of parameters with high efficency. It places trials by minimizing the expected entropy [1] of the posterior pdf over a set of possible stimuli. In contrast to most other adaptive methods it is neither limited to threshold measurement nor to forced-choice designs. Nuisance parameters can be included in the estimation and lead to less biased estimates. The method supports block designs which do not harm the performance when a sufficient number of trials are performed. Block designs are useful for control of response bias and short term performance shifts such as adaptation. We present the results of evaluations of the method by computer simulations and experiments with human observers. In the simulations we investigated the role of parametric assumptions, the quality of different point estimates, the effect of dynamic termination criteria and many other settings. [1] Kontsevich, L.L. and Tyler, C.W. (1999): Bayesian adaptive estimation of psychometric slope and threshold. Vis. Res. 39 (16), 2729-2737.

Author(s): Tanner, TG. and Hill, NJ. and Rasmussen, CE. and Wichmann, FA.
Volume: 8
Pages: 109
Year: 2005
Month: February
Day: 0
Editors: B{\"u}lthoff, H. H., H. A. Mallot, R. Ulrich and F. A. Wichmann

Department(s): Empirical Inference
Bibtex Type: Poster (poster)

Digital: 0
Event Name: 8th T{\"u}bingen Perception Conference (TWK 2005)
Event Place: T{\"u}bingen, Germany
Institution: MPI for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen
Organization: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
School: Biologische Kybernetik

Links: Web

BibTex

@poster{3256,
  title = {Efficient Adaptive Sampling of the Psychometric Function by Maximizing Information Gain},
  author = {Tanner, TG. and Hill, NJ. and Rasmussen, CE. and Wichmann, FA.},
  volume = {8},
  pages = {109},
  editors = {B{\"u}lthoff, H. H., H. A. Mallot, R. Ulrich and F. A. Wichmann},
  organization = {Max-Planck-Gesellschaft},
  institution = {MPI for Biological Cybernetics, Tübingen},
  school = {Biologische Kybernetik},
  month = feb,
  year = {2005},
  month_numeric = {2}
}