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Texture and Haptic Cues in Slant Discrimination: Measuring the Effect of Texture Type

2004

Poster

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In a number of models of depth cue combination the depth percept is constructed via a weighted average combination of independent depth estimations. The inuence of each cue in such average depends on the reliability of the source of information [1,5]. In particular, Ernst and Banks (2002) formulate such combination as that of the minimum variance unbiased estimator that can be constructed from the available cues. We have observed systematic differences in slant discrimination performance of human observers when different types of textures were used as cue to slant [4]. If the depth percept behaves as described above, our measurements of the slopes of the psychometric functions provide the predicted weights for the texture cue for the ranked texture types. However, the results for slant discrimination obtained when combining these texture types with object motion results are difcult to reconcile with the minimum variance unbiased estimator model [3]. This apparent failure of such model might be explained by the existence of a coupling of texture and motion, violating the assumption of independence of cues. Hillis, Ernst, Banks, and Landy (2002) [2] have shown that while for between-modality combination the human visual system has access to the single-cue information, for withinmodality combination (visual cues) the single-cue information is lost. This suggests a coupling between visual cues and independence between visual and haptic cues. Then, in the present study we combined the different texture types with haptic information in a slant discrimination task, to test whether in the between-modality condition these cues are combined as predicted by an unbiased, minimum variance estimator model. The measured weights for the cues were consistent with a combination rule sensitive to the reliability of the sources of information, but did not match the predictions of a statistically optimal combination.

Author(s): Rosas, P. and Wichmann, FA. and Ernst, MO. and Wagemans, J.
Volume: 7
Pages: 165
Year: 2004
Month: February
Day: 0
Editors: B{\"u}lthoff, H. H., H. A. Mallot, R. Ulrich, F. A. Wichmann

Department(s): Empirical Inference
Bibtex Type: Poster (poster)

Digital: 0
Event Name: 7th T{\"u}bingen Perception Conference (TWK 2004)
Event Place: T{\"u}bingen, Germany
Language: en
Organization: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
School: Biologische Kybernetik

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BibTex

@poster{2532,
  title = {Texture and Haptic Cues in Slant Discrimination: Measuring the Effect of Texture Type},
  author = {Rosas, P. and Wichmann, FA. and Ernst, MO. and Wagemans, J.},
  volume = {7},
  pages = {165},
  editors = {B{\"u}lthoff, H. H., H. A. Mallot, R. Ulrich, F. A. Wichmann},
  organization = {Max-Planck-Gesellschaft},
  school = {Biologische Kybernetik},
  month = feb,
  year = {2004},
  month_numeric = {2}
}